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Anal Cancer Treatment in Atlanta, GA

Anal cancer is a relatively rare type of cancer that forms in or around the anus. The diagnosis is usually made with a biopsy. Most cases do not require surgery. Let’s look at what you need to know about anal cancer.

The board-certified colorectal surgeons at Colorectal Wellness Center are dedicated to providing comprehensive and compassionate care for patients suffering from anal cancer in Atlanta, GA. With a focus on overall wellness, we aim to help our patients understand that surgery, if needed, is only a part of the path to healing. We will take the time to provide you with a comprehensive diagnosis to determine the best treatment plan for you. Schedule an appointment at Colorectal Wellness Center today!

The Causes And Risk Factors Of Anal Cancer

HPV image

Anal cancer thought to be caused by the HPV virus, a sexually transmitted infection known as human papillomavirus. 

Risk factors for anal infection with the HPV virus include the following:

  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Having had receptive anal sexual intercourse
  • Having a history of cancer like cervical, vaginal, or vulvar cancer
  • Smoking
  • Taking immunosuppressive drugs for conditions like an organ transplant or autoimmune disease

The only ways to reduce your risk of developing anal cancer is to practice safe sex, and get vaccinated for the HPV virus. The series injections are normally given to young people but recommended up to the age of 45. Smoking cessation is another way to reduce your risk.

Symptoms And Diagnosis Of Anal Cancer

Sometimes anal cancer has no symptoms at all. It’s possible you can have changes in your stool, itching, bleeding and a lump or pain at the anus. Your physician may start with a rectal exam.

If there is continued suspicion you may have anal cancer, an examination will be performed. This can include standard Anoscopy, where a small hollow tube is inserted into the anus, or High Resolution Anoscopy (HRA). In both examinations a light on the end of the tube will assist in looking for abnormal areas. HRA utilizes a high definition camera for magnification.

Other tests to determine the extent of anal cancer once it has been diagnosed include ultrasound, CAT scan, MRI, and a chest X-ray and PET scans.

Anal Cancer Treatment

Once the cancer is found and staged, you will be advised of your treatment options. The main goal is to save your anal sphincter muscles so you will be able to control your bowels and stool.

Treatment depends on the location, stage, and type of tumor. The mainstay of treatment today consists of combining chemotherapy and radiation.

Surgery is often not needed.

Schedule a Anal Cancer Consultation

If you are currently suffering from Anal Cancer or have symptoms, our board-certified colorectal specialists are dedicated to providing you with the latest in care. For more information, contact Colorectal Wellness Center at (770) 325-2275 and schedule a consultation today!